Literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning in enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in their community and wider society. (Robinson 2005, p. 13)

See also:

Aneta Bonikowska, Claudia Sanmartin, Marc Frenette. (2019). Data Literacy: What It Is and How to Measure It in the Public Service . Statistics Canada, [Summary]